نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق خصوصی دانشگاه مازندران ، بابلسر، ایران.

2 دانشیار دانشگاه علوم قضائی و خدمات اداری، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

مهم‌ترین مکانیزم دستیابی به حقیقت در داوری تجاری بین‌المللی انتخاب نوع نظام حاکم بر جریان داوری است. در این راستا داوران باید از میان نظام‌های اتهامی، تفتیشی و مختلط، نظام مناسب را انتخاب کنند. انعطاف‌پذیری جریان داوری تجاری بین‌المللی، به‌عنوان راهکار خصوصی حل اختلاف و نیازهای خاص هر دعوا مستلزم این است که مرجع داوری با در نظر گرفتن شرایط حاکم بر دعوا، نظام کارآمد را برگزیند. این نوشتار در موازات بررسی و مداقه در چالش‌های هر یک از رویکردها برای شناخت نظام مناسب حاکم بر جریان داوری تجاری بین‌المللی، دیدگاه «قواعد راجع به اداره کارآمد جریان رسیدگی در داوری بین‌المللی» یا «قواعد پراگ» مصوب 14 دسامبر 2018 را واکاوی می‌کند و می‌کوشد سازوکارهای مؤثر در کشف حقیقت را معرفی نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Discovery of Truth in International Commercial Arbitration with Emphasizing at Prague Rules (2018)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sahebeh Samadi Maleh 1
  • Homayun Mafi 2

1 Ph.D. student in Private Law, Mazandaran University, Babolsar. Iran

2 Associate Professor, University of Judicial Sciences and Administrative Services, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The most important mechanism for achievement the truth in international commercial arbitration is opting out the type of governing system on arbitration process. In this regard, the arbitrators should select the appropriate system among the adversarial, inquisitorial and hybrid systems. Flexibility of international commercial arbitration process as a private solution for dispute resolution and the specific needs of each case in this area required that the arbitral tribunal takes into account the conditions governing in the cases of international commercial arbitration and chooses the efficient system for arbitration process.This article in parallel scrutinizing and studying the difficulties of each approach of for recognition the appropriate system in international commercial arbitration process analyses the types of governing system on arbitration process the approach of the Prague Rules on the Efficient Conduct of Proceedings in International Arbitration that approved in December of 2018 tries to introducing effective mechanisms in discovering the truth.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Arbitration trial
  • Taking evidence
  • Arbitration document
  • Impartiality
  • Burden of proof
  • الف) کتب و مقالات

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    ب. منابع اینترنتی

    -“Search for the'Correct' Answer: the Role of the Courts and Arbitral Tribunals” (2015), Davidson, Nicholas and Choi, Augustine available at: https://www.aminz.org.nz/Attachment?Action=Download&Attachment_id=458.

    - “Admissibility and Presentation Evidence in International Commercial Arbitration”, ) 05-03-2019(, Economou, George C., and Associates, available at: http://www.greeklawdigest.gr

    -“Washington Conference (2014) International Commercial Arbitration, Report for the Biennial Conference in Washington D.C”, International Law Association, available at: https://ila.vettoreweb.com/

    - “Comparative Analysis between Adversarial and Inquisitorial Legal Systems”,(2017), Justice, Adele, available at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3077365

    - “UNCITRAL 2012 Digest of Case Law on the Model Law on International Commercial”, Arbitration, Sales No. E.12., V.9, (2012), United nations available at: http://www.uncitral.org/pdf/english/clout/MAL-digest-2,2-e.pdf

     

    • برگردان منابع فارسی به انگلیسی

    -                   Amirmoezi, Ahmad (2011), International Arbitration in Commercial Litigations, Third edition-                   , Tehran: Dadgostar Publication.   -                    Porostad, Majid (2012), The Role of Civil Judge in Taking Evidence and Discovery of Truth, Second Edition, Tehran:  Shahre Danesh Publication.   -                    Shams, Abdullah (2010), Civil Procedure, Advanced Vol.3, Sixteenth Edition, Tehran:  Derak Publication.   

    -                                                                                     Mafi, Homayoun (2016), A Commentary on International Commercial Arbitration Act of Iran, First Edition, Tehran: University of Judicial Sciences and Administrative Services Publication.

    -                                                                                     Mohseni, Hassan (2010), The Conduct of Civil Proceedings Process in the Framework of Trial Principles, First Edition, Tehran: Publication of Enteshar Joint-stock Company.

    -                    Mohseni, Hassan (2008), ″ Conventional Justice: A Research about Fair Trial Theories‶, Quarterly Journal of Law, Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 285-319.

    •  Mohebbi, Mohsen & Jafari Nodoshan, Shahab (2015), ″ Inquisitorial & Adversarial Systems in International Commercial Arbitration‶, International Law Review, 52, pp. 9-34. 
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