نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 دانشگاه مفید

چکیده

افزایش اهمیت حقوق مالکیت معنوی در سال­های اخیر موجب طرح مسئله ارتباط این حقوق با حقوق بشر شده است. طرفداران حمایت قوی از مالکیت معنوی در تأیید موضع خود از گفتمان حقوق بشر سود می­جویند. از سوی دیگر، نهادهای حقوق بشری که حمایت تشدید­یافته از مالکیت معنوی را متأثر­کننده بهره­مندی از حقوق بشر می­دانند معتقدند مالکیت معنوی را در قالب کنونی آن نمی­توان در زمرة حقوق بشر دانست. این مقاله سعی می­کند به بررسی و تحلیل جایگاه حقوق مالکیت معنوی در نظام بین­المللی حقوق بشر بپردازد. حق بهره­مندی از حمایت از منافع اخلاقی و مادی ناشی از تولید علمی، ادبی یا هنری در اعلامیه جهانی حقوق بشر و میثاق بین­المللی حقوق اقتصادی، اجتماعی و فرهنگی به رسمیت شناخته شده اما این حق، چنان که باید مورد توجه قرار نگرفته و ابعاد مختلف آن بررسی نشده است. مقاله حاضر با تحلیل اعلامیه و میثاق در صدد اثبات این دیدگاه است که مالکیت معنوی حقی بشری است و دولت­ها تعهداتی در حمایت از آن بر دوش دارند. اما قلمرو حمایت از مالکیت معنوی باید با عنایت به سایر حق­های بشری ترسیم شود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Status of Intellectual Property Rights in International Human Rights Law

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ardeshir Amir Arjmand 1
  • mohammad Habibi Mojandeh 2

1 Associate Professor of Shahid Beheshti University

چکیده [English]

The increased importance of intellectual property rights (IPRs) in recent years has led to an active debate on the relationship between these rights and human rights. The proponents of strong protection of IPRs use human rights discourse to support their position. On the other hand, human rights bodies who see the strengthened protection of IPRs as affecting the enjoyment of human rights believe that IPRs in their present form do not stand as human rights. The present paper attempts to examine the status of IPRs in international human rights law. The right of everyone to benefit from the protection of moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author is recognized in both Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. But the exact scope of the right is yet to be clarified. By analyzing the Declaration and the Covenant, the paper conveys the view that IPRs are human rights and impose obligations on States to protect them. The authors are of the opinion that the scope of the protection of IPRs must be determined in the light of other human rights.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Iintellectual Property Rights
  • human rights
  • Scientific
  • Literary and Artistic Production
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