نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار دانشکده حقوق دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

با وجود پویایی‌ مستمر اندیشه‌های‌ جزایی‌ که‌ منجر به‌ ظهور و بروز دست­کم‌ سه‌ الگوی‌ مهم‌ و تأثیرگذار کیفری‌، بالینی‌ و حمایت‌ اجتماعی‌ شده‌ است‌، بررسی نقش‌ و تأثیر الگوی‌ کیفری‌ در به کارکیری راهبردهای‌ مبارزه‌ با بزهکاری‌ و واکنش‌ نسبت‌ به‌ بزهکاران‌ اهمیت بسزایی دارد. سلطه‌ و سیطره‌ الگوی‌ مذکور بر انواع‌ سیاستگذاریهای‌ جنایی‌ (یا کیفری‌) از یک‌ طرف‌ و احیای‌ مجدد آن‌ از نیمه‌ دوم‌ قرن‌ بیستم‌ از سوی‌ دیگر، ضرورت‌ بررسی‌ مبانی‌ نظری‌ و ارزیابی‌ پیامدهای حاصل‌ از اجرای‌ آن‌ را اجتناب‌ناپذیر می‌کند. در این‌ مقاله,‌ ضمن‌ مطالعة‌ مبانی‌ نظری‌ الگوی‌ مذکور و انتقادهای‌ وارد بر آن‌، یافته‌های‌ برخی‌ تحقیقات‌ و پژوهشهای‌ ناظر به‌ پیامدهای‌ اجرای‌ الگوی‌ کیفری‌ نیز مورد توجه‌ قرار می‌گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Criminal pattern and its critical Evaluation

نویسنده [English]

  • Hussen Gholami

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, Allameh Tabatabaei University

چکیده [English]

In spite of all developments that resulted in emergence of three important models as justice, clinical and community protection, the role and influence of justice model upon strategies of combating against crime and reaction to offenders is more important.the dominance of this model on various kinds of criminal justice strategies and its revival since the first half of the twentieth century, due to be studied in detail through theoretical and its outcome evaluation.
In this article while studying theoretical foundations and critics of this model, we will pay attersion to  some criminological researches about its outcomes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Justice model
  • deterrence
  • Theory
  • revial of deterrence theory
  • recidivism
  • evaluation of deterrence theory
 منابع‌:
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