ضمانت اجراهای مالی در نظام حل و فصل اختلافات سازمان تجارت جهانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار دانشکدة حقوق و علوم‌سیاسی دانشگاه شیراز

10.22096/law.2018.31924

چکیده

علی‌رغم موفقیت چشمگیر نظام حل و فصل اختلافات سازمان تجارت جهانی، ضعف­ها و کاستی­هایی در آن وجود دارد که اصلاح آن را ضروری می­نماید. در میان پیشنهادهای متعددی که برای اصلاح این ساختار ارائه شده است، پیش­بینی ضمانت اجراهای مالی و پولی همواره یکی از دغدغه­های اصلی اعضای این سازمان بوده است. اگرچه این ضمانت اجرا در مادة 1-21 تفاهم­نامه راجع به قواعد و رویه­های حاکم بر حل و فصل اختلاف به نوعی دیده شده است اما چون ماهیت ارادی و داطلبانه دارد، نتوانسته آن‌گونه که باید موجب پایبندی هر چه بیشتر اعضای خاطی به رعایت قواعد و مقررات گردد. در این مقاله تلاش شده است تا ضمن طرح مهم‌ترین مبانی پیش­بینی این ضمانت اجرا، انتقادات وارد بر آن تبیین شده و نحوة طراحی آن تجزیه و تحلیل گردد.

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منابع

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