Document Type : Research Article

Author

Ph. D. Candidate in Private Law, Faculty of Law, University of Qom, Qom, Iran

Abstract

The Amiable composition is a system for resolving disputes and is recognized in international arbitration. In The French legal system, the judge can be entrusted with a mission of amicable composition by the parties. In ancient Iran, villagers argued with Kadkhoda, but as governments came to power, traditional methods of resolving disputes replaced government judicial systems, resulting in litigants trying to prove themselves right;Whereas in traditional methods of resolving disputes, such as an Amiable composition, the dispute was tried to be completely resolved in order to achieve eternal peace. Unfortunately, the dispute resolution councils could not reach a compromise In order to achieve an amicable composition, the rule of law must be abandoned He realized that guaranteeing legal rights was not the only way to resolve disputes. Contrary to the judgment that seeks the winner and the loser, in an amicable composition one must look for a way that may not be legal but resolves the dispute. An amicable composition requires creativity, training and experience, so the best place to develop it is the courts. This article, based on French law, suggests a mission of amicable composition.

Keywords

Bibliography
A) Books and Articles
Ahmet Cemil Yildirim (2014). “Amiable Composition in International Arbitration.” Journal of Arbitration Studies, Vol. 24, No. 3 (September).
‏Alborzi Verki, Masoud & Motiei, Ensieh (2018). “A Comparative Study on the Equity and Ex Aequo Et Bono”, Comparative Law Researches, Vol. 22, Issue 3, pp. 137-162.
Alipanah, Alireza & Ziar Mohsen (2017). “Comparative Study of the Institution of Conciliation in Iranian Civil Procedure and International Trade Law”, Legal Educations Govah Journal, Vol. 3, Issue 2 - Serial No. 5, pp. 63-96.
Belohlavek, Alexander J. (2013). “Application of Law in Arbitration, Ex Aequo et Bono and Amiable Compositeur.” CYArb - Czech (& Central European) Yearbook of Arbitration: Borders of Procedural and Substantive Law in Arbitral Proceedings (Civil versus Common Law Perspectives), No. 3 (March).
‏Daneshpajooh, Mostafa & Abedini, Javad(2020). Philosophy of Law, The Imam Khomini Education & Research Institute.
David, Rene (1985). Arbitration in International Trade. Springer; 1st edition.
Dumisic, Amir (2009). “Advantages of amicable international arbitration: characteristics and scope of arbitrator powers,” April.
‏Hamidian, Fatemeh& Shahbazinia, Morteza & Jafari, Feizollah(2017). “Comparative study of conceptual and practical relation of different words in amicable arbitration”, Comparative Law Researches, Vol. 21, Issue 1, pp. 1-26.
Hilgard, Mark, and Elisa Brude (2014). “Unauthorized Amiable Compositeur?” Dispute Resolution International 8 (1).
Home and Overseas Ins Co v Mentor Ins Co. (1989). Home and Overseas Ins Co v Mentor Ins Co (UK), [1989] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 473.
Izadi Fard, Ali Akbar & Yousefi, Ali (2004). “Molahezati Piramoon Shoraye Hale Ekhtelaf”, Maqalat va Baresiha, Daftare 76 (3) Fiqh, pp. 11-31.
Jana Herboczkova. n.d. “Amiable Composition in International Commercial Arbitration.”
Khodabakhshi , Abdollah(2018), “The Concepts of Ex Aequo Et Bono and Amiable Composition in the Law of Comparative Arbitration” Private Law Studies, Vol. 48, Issue 4, winter 2019, pp. 645-661.
Landrove, Juan Carlos (2009). “EQUITÉ JUDICIAIRE ET ÉQUITÉ Arbitrale: Synonymes?” Etudes autour du droit des affaires en l’honneur du professeur François Chaudet, Genève, Slatkine.
“Mesures alternatives au procès: Amiable compositeur.” (2021). Ooreka. Accessed October 2. https://justice.ooreka.fr/astuce/voir/655107/amiable-compositeur.
Maniruzzaman, A.F. (2013). “The Arbitrator’s Prudence in Lex Mercatoria: Amiable Composition and ExAequo Et Bono in Decision Making.” MEALEY’S International Arbitration Report, No. 18(12).
Mohseni, Hasan (2016). ‘‘Situation of Conflict Resolution Counsel and Extraordinary Ways of Attack on Its Judgments’’, The Judiciary Law Journal, Vol. 79, Issue 92 - Serial Number 92, pp.145-167.
Mohseni, Hassan (2015). French Civil Procedure Code, Tehran: Sherkate Sahami  Enteshar.
‏Nosrati ,Kianoosh (2020). “Moghayeseh Shoraye Hale Ekhtelaf va Nahad Meyanjigari dar Hoghoghe Keyfari Iran”, Faslname Electronicy  Pajohesh Haye Hoghooghye Ghanoon Yar, Vol. 1, Issue 2.
Park, William W. (2014). “The Predictability Paradox: Arbitrators and Applicable Law.” Forthcoming in 11 ICC Dossiers (ICC Institute of World Business Law 2014), Proceedings of Annual Meeting on International Arbitration and Substantive Applicable Law Boston Univ. School of Law, Public Law Research Paper, No. 14-55 (October).
Rubino-Sammartano, Mauro. 1992. “Amiable Compositeur (Joint Mandate to Settle) and Ex Bono et Aequo (Discretionary Authority to Mitigate Strict Law) Apparent Synonyms Revisited.”
Rubino-Sammartano, Mauro. 2001. International Arbitration: Law and Pratice. 2nd ed. Kluwer Law International.
Shahbazinia, Morteza& Jafari, Feizollah& Hamidian, Fatemeh (2017). “Conceptual Analysis of Arbitration in Equity and Related Institutions”, Private Law Studies, Vol. 47, Issue 2, pp. 269-287.
‏Shams, Abdollah(2014). Civil Procedure Code, Vol. 3, Teharn: Derak Pub.
Weinberg, K.S. 1994. “Equity in International Arbitration: How Fair is ‘FAIR’? A Study of Lex Mercatoria and Amiable Composition.” Boston University International Law Journal, No. 12:227.
CAPTCHA Image